A


  acute glomerulonephritis 急性肾小球肾炎
  acute interstitial nephritis 急性间质性肾炎
  acute oliguric (anuric) glomerulonephritis 急性少尿性(无尿性)肾小球肾炎
  acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis 急性链球菌感染后肾小球肾炎
  acute pyelonephritis 急性肾盂肾炎
  acute rejection 急性排异反应
  acute renal failure 急性肾功能衰竭
  acute renal papillary necrosis 急性肾乳头坏死
  acute tubular necrosis 急性肾小管坏死
  alkaptonuria 黑酸尿
  allograft renal transplantation 同种异体肾移植
  Alport’s syndrome Alport 综合征
  amebic renal abscess 阿米巴肾脓疡
  ammonium chloride loading test 氯化铵负荷试验
  analgesic nephropathy 镇痛剂肾病
  analgesic abuse syndrome 镇痛剂滥用综合征
  antidiuretic hormone 抗利尿激素
  antiglomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis抗肾小球基膜肾小球肾炎
  antibody coated bacteria 抗体包裹细菌
  anuria 无尿
  arteriosclerosis of renal artery 肾动脉硬化症
  arteriolar nephrosclerosis 小动脉性肾硬化症
  asymptomatic bacteriuria 无症状性菌尿
  atherosclerosis of renal artery 肾动脉粥样硬化症
  azotemia 氮质血症

B


  Balkan nephropathy 巴尔干肾病
  Batter’s syndrome Batter 综合征
  Bence Jones protein 凝溶蛋白
  benign familial hematuria 家族性良性血尿
  benign nephrosclerosis 良性肾硬化症
  bilateral renal cortical necrosis 双侧肾皮质坏死
  bile stained casts 胆色素管型
  blood urea nitrogen(BUN) 血尿素氮
  Bright’s disease Bright 病

C


  candiduria 念珠菌尿
  capillary permeability increasing factor 毛细血管通透性增强因子
  cerebro-oculo-renal syndrome 脑-眼-肾综合征
  chronic glomerulonephritis 慢性肾小球肾炎
  chronic glomerulonephritis general type 慢性肾小球肾炎一般型
  chronic glomerulonephritis hypertensive type 慢性肾小球肾炎高血压型
  chronic glomerulonephritis nephrotic type 慢性肾小球肾炎肾病型
  chronic interstitial nephritis 慢性间质性肾炎
  chronic pyelonephritis 慢性肾盂肾炎
  chronic rejection 慢性排异反应
  chronic renal failure 慢性肾功能衰竭
  chronic renal papillary necrosis 慢性肾乳头坏死
  chyluria 乳糜尿
  C3 nephritic factor(C3NeF,C3NF) C3致肾炎因子
  coil dialyser 盘管型透析器
  combined renal tubular acidosis 混合型肾小管酸中毒
  compensatory stage of renal insufficiency 肾功能不全代偿期
  congenital hypoaldosteronism 先天性醛固酮减少症
  congenital nephrotic syndrome 先天性肾病综合征
  congenital renal saltlosing syndrome 先天性肾性失盐综合征
  continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) 持续性不卧床腹膜透析
  continuous proteinuria 持续性蛋白尿
  cortical nephron 皮质肾单位
  creatinine 肌酐
  crescentic glomerulonephritis 新月体性肾小球肾炎
  crystalline nephropathy 结晶体肾病
  cyanotic kidney 淤血肾
  cylinduria 管型尿
  cystinosis 胱氨酸贮积症
  cystinuria 胱氨酸尿
  congenital renal cystic diseases 先天性肾囊性疾病
  congenital polycystic kidney 先天性多囊肾

D


  Danubian endemic familial nephropathy 多瑙河地方性家族性肾病
  diabetic nephropathy 糖尿病肾病
  dialytic osteopathy 透析性骨病
  dialysis disequilibrium syndrome 透析失衡综合征
  dialytic treatment 透析疗法
  dicarboxylic aminoaciduria 二羧基氨基酸尿
  diffuse crescentic glomerulonephritis 弥漫性新月型肾小球肾炎
  diffuse diabetic glomerulosclerosis 弥漫性糖尿病肾小球硬化症
  diffuse glomerulonephritis 弥漫性肾小球肾炎
  1,25-dihydroxychole-calciferol 1,25二羟胆骨化醇
  dilantin nephropathy 苯妥因钠肾病
  direct immunofluorescence 直接免疫荧光
  disk electrophoresis of proteinuria 尿蛋白盘状电泳
  distal renal tubular acidosis 远端肾小管酸中毒
  drug allergic interstitial nephritis 药物过敏性间质性肾炎
  disuria 尿痛

E


  early stage of uremia 尿毒症早期
  embrional tumor of kidney 肾胚胎瘤
  endogenous creatinine clearance 内生肌酐清除率
  endothelial layer of the glomerular filtration membrane肾小球滤膜内皮层
  endothelio-mesangial glomerulonephritis 内皮系膜性肾小球肾炎
  end stage contracted kidney 终末期固缩肾
  epithelial cell casts 上皮细胞管型
  epithelial layer of the glomerular filtration membrane肾小球滤膜上皮层
  erythropoietin 红细胞生成素
  erythropoietinogen 红细胞生成素原
  excretory proteinuria 分泌性蛋白尿
  excretory urography 排泄性泌尿系造影
  experimental immunological diseases of the kidney 实验性免疫性肾脏疾病
  experimental serum sickness 实验性血清病
  extracapillary glomerulonephritis 毛细血管外肾小球肾炎
  extracapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis 毛细血管外增殖性肾小球肾炎
  extraglomerular mesangial cell 球外系膜细胞

F


  Fabry disease Fabry病
  familial hypophosphataemia 家族性低磷血症
  familial juvenile nephrophthisis 家族性青少年肾痨
  familial nephritis 家族性肾炎
  Faconi syndrome Faconi综合征
  fatty casts 脂肪管型
  fibrin degradation product(FDP) 纤维蛋白降解产物
  fibromascular hyperplasia of renal arteries 肾动脉纤维肌性增生
  filtration fraction 滤过分数
  foam cell 泡沫细胞
  focal global sclerosis 局灶性全肾小球硬化
  focal glomerulonephritis 局灶性肾小球肾炎
  focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis 局灶性坏死性肾小球肾炎
  focal proliferative glomerulonephritis 局灶性增殖性肾小球肾炎
  focal sclerosing glomerulonephritis 局灶性硬化性肾小球肾炎
  focal segmental hyalinosis 局灶性节段性透明样变
  focal segmental sclerosis 局灶性节段性硬化
  foot process nephrosis 足突性肾病
  fractional excretion of sodium 钠排泄分数
  free water clearance 自由水(净水)清除率frequency of urine 尿频
  functional proteinuria 功能性蛋白尿
  functional renal failure 功能性肾功能衰竭
  fungous diseases of the kidney 肾霉菌病

G


  gastro-intestinal dialysis 胃肠透析
  genito-urinary schistosomiasis 泌尿生殖道血吸虫病
  glomerular basement membrane 肾小球基膜
  glomerular clearance 肾小球清除率
  glomerular filtration membrane 肾小球滤膜
  glomerular mesangium 肾小球系膜
  glomerular proteinuria 肾小球性蛋白尿
  glomerulonephritis 肾小球肾炎
  glomerulopathy 肾小球疾病
  glomerulosclerosis in liver disease 肝性肾小球硬化症
  glomerulotubular imbalance 球管失衡
  glycosphingolipid lipidosis(glucosphingolipidosis) 糖鞘脂类脂沉积症
  Goodpasture’s syndrome 肺出血-肾炎综合征
  granular casts 颗粒管型

H


  Hartnup disease Hartnup病
  hemangiopericytoma 血管外皮细胞瘤
  hematuria 血尿
  hemodialysis 血液透析
  hemofiltration 血液滤过
  hemoglobin casts 血红蛋白管型
  hemoglobinuria 血红蛋白尿
  hemolytic uremic syndrome 溶血性尿毒症综合征
  hemoperfusion 血流灌流
  hepatitis B antigen-antibody complex associated glome-rulonephritis 乙型肝炎抗原抗体复合物性肾炎
  hepatorenal syndrome 肝肾综合征
  hereditary glomerulonephritis 遗传性肾小球肾炎
  hereditary immuno-nephritis 遗传性免疫性肾炎
  hereditary progressive chronic nephritis 遗传性慢性进行性肾炎
  Heymann nephritis Heymann肾炎
  hysturia 组织蛋白尿
  hollow fibre dialyser 中空纤维型透析器
  hump-like electron-dense deposits 驼峰样电子致密沉积物
  hyalin casts 透明管型
  hydronephrosis 肾盂积水
  hyperacute rejection 超急性排异反应
  hypercalcemic nephropathy 高钙性肾病
  hyperchloremic acidosis 高氯性酸中毒
  hyperhemicysteinuria 高半胱氨酸尿症
  hyperuricemic nephropathy 高尿酸性肾病
  hypocomplementemic glomerulonephritis 低补体性肾小球肾炎
  hypokalemic nephropathy 低钾性肾病

I


  idiopathic focal glomerulonephritis 特发性局灶性肾小球肾炎
  idiopathic hypercalciuria 特发性尿钙增多症
  idiopathic hypoparathyroidism 特发性甲状旁腺功能减退症
  idiopathic mesangial IgA nephropathy 特发性系膜性IgA肾病
  IgA-IgG deposit disease IgA-IgG 沉积症
  aminoglycinuria 亚氨基甘氨酸尿
  immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis 免疫复合物性肾小球肾炎
  immunofluorescence technique 免疫荧光技术
  indirect immunofluorescence 间接免疫荧光
  intermittent proteinuria 间歇性蛋白尿
  intermittent peritoneal dialysis 间歇性腹膜透析
  internal arteriovenous fistulas 动静脉内瘘
  interstitial diseases of the kidney 肾间质疾病
  interstitial nephritis 间质性肾炎
  intrarenal reflux 肾内返流
  intravenous pyelogram 静脉肾盂造影
  inulin clearance 菊粉清除率

J


  juxtaglomerular apparatus 肾小球旁器
  juxtaglomerular cell 球旁细胞
  juxtamedullary nephron 髓旁肾单位

K


  Kiil dialyser 标准平板型透析器
  kidney damage in subacute bacterial endocarditis 亚急性感染性心内膜炎肾损害
  kidney disease in essential cryoglobulinemia 原发性冷球蛋白血症肾病
  kindey disease in essential monoclonal hypergammaglo-bulinemia 原发性单株峰高丙种球蛋白血症肾病
  kidney disease in sickle cell anemia 镰状细胞贫血肾病

L


  late stage of uremia 尿毒症晚期
  latent glomerulonephritis 隐匿性肾小球肾炎
  Liddle syndrome Liddle 综合征
  light chain protein 轻链蛋白
  Lignac-Fanconi syndrome Lignac-Fanconi 综合征
  lipiduria 脂肪尿
  lipoid nephropathy 类脂性肾病
  lobular glomerulonephritis 分叶性肾小球肾炎
  Lowe syndrome Lowe 综合征
  lower urinary tract infection 下尿路感染
  lumbago 腰痛
  lymphuria 淋巴尿
  lysozyme 溶菌酶

M


  macula densa 致密斑
  malignant nephrosclerosis 恶性肾硬化症
  maple surup urine disease 槭树汁尿症
  Masugi nephritis 马杉肾炎
  medullary cystic disease of kidney 肾髓质囊性病
  medullary sponge kidney 髓质海绵肾
  membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis 膜-增殖性肾小球肾炎
  membranous glomerulonephritis 膜性肾小球肾炎
  membranous nephropathy 膜性肾病
  mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis 系膜增殖性肾小球肾炎
  mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis 系膜毛细血管性肾小球肾炎
  metastatic calcification 异位钙化
  β2-microglobulin β2 微球蛋白
  minimal change disease 微小病变
  minute-sequence intravenous pyelogram 每分钟顺序静脉肾盂造影
  mucoprotein 粘蛋白
  multiple renal cystic disease 多发性肾囊肿

N


  N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase N-乙酰-β葡糖苷酶
  natriuretic factor 利钠因子
  necrotizing renal papillitis 坏死性肾乳头炎
  needle biopsy of kidney 肾穿刺活检
  nephritic edema 肾炎性水肿
  nephritic syndrome 肾炎综合征
  nephritis 肾炎
  nephritogenic strains 致肾炎菌株
  nephrocalsinosis 肾脏钙沉着症
  nephrogenic diabetes insipidus 肾性尿崩症
  nephrogram 肾图
  nephrology 肾脏病学
  nephron 肾单位
  nephropathy due to sulfonamides 磺胺药肾损害
  nephrosis 肾病
  nephrotic edema 肾病性水肿
  nephrotic syndrome 肾病综合征
  nephrotoxic nephritis 肾毒性肾炎
  nocturia 夜尿
  nodular diabetic glomerulosclerosis 结节型糖尿病肾小球硬化
  nonoliguric acute tubular necrosis 非少尿性急性肾小管坏死
  non-protein nitrogen(NPN) 非蛋白氮
  non-selective proteinuria 非选择性蛋白尿
  nonuremic medullary cystic disease 非尿毒症性髓质囊肿病

O


  obstructive nephropathy 梗阻性肾病
  oliguria 少尿
  orthostatic proteinuria 直立性蛋白尿
  osteitis fibrosa 纤维性骨炎
  osteodystrophy 骨营养不良症
  osteomalacia 骨软化症
  osteosclerosis 骨硬化症
  overflow proteinuria 溢出性质白尿

P


  parasitic diseases of the kidney 肾寄生虫病
  perinephritic abscess 肾周围脓肿
  perinephritis 肾周围炎
  peritoneal dialysis 腹膜透析
  phenylketonuria 苯酮尿症
  phytohemagglutinin(PHA) 植物血凝素
  pituitary diabetes insipidus 垂体性尿崩症
  pneumaturia 气尿
  podocyte 足细胞
  polycystic renal disease 多囊肾
  polyuria 多尿
  porphyrinuria 卟啉尿
  post-renal failure 肾后性肾衰
  postural proteinuria 体位性蛋白尿
  post-viral nephritis 病毒后肾炎
  preglomerular proteinuria 肾小球前性蛋白尿
  pre-renal failure 肾前性肾衰
  primary glomerulopathy 原发性肾小球疾病
  proliferative endocapillary glomerulonephritis 毛细血管内增殖性肾小球肾炎
  prostaglandin 前列腺素
  proteinuria 蛋白尿
  proteinuria after exercise 运动性蛋白尿
  proximal renal tubular cidosis 近端肾小管性酸中毒
  pseudohyperaldosteronism 假性醛固酮增多症
  pseudohypoaldosteronism 假性醛固酮减少症
  pseudohypoparathyroidism 假性甲状旁腺功能减退症
  pyelonephritis 肾盂肾炎
  pyelotubular backflow 肾盂小管返流
  pyuria 脓尿

R


  radiation nephritis 放射性肾炎
  radionucleorenogram 放射性核素肾图
  rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis 急进性肾小球肾炎
  recurrent pyelonephritis 再发性肾盂肾炎
  red blood cell casts 红细胞管型
  reflux nephropathy 反流性肾病
  reinfections 再感染
  renal actinomycosis 肾放线菌病
  renal amebiasis 肾阿米巴病
  renal aminoaciduria 肾性氨基酸尿
  renal amyloidosis 肾淀粉样变
  renal angiography 肾血管造影
  renal artery stenosis 肾动脉狭窄
  renal candidiasis 肾念珠菌病
  renal circulatory failure secondary to liver disease 肝病继发肾循环衰竭
  renal colic 肾绞痛
  renal cyst 肾囊肿
  renal cystic disease 肾囊性病
  renal damage by leukemia 白血病肾损害
  renal damage by malignant lymphoma 恶性淋巴瘤肾损害
  renal damage due to toxin of organic solvent 有机溶剂中毒肾损害
  renal damage in liver disease 肝病性肾损害
  renal damage in multiple myeloma 多发性骨髓瘤肾损害
  renal damage in plasma cell dyscrasis 浆细胞病肾损害
  renal damage in polyarteritis 多动脉炎肾损害
  renal da mage in systemic sclerosis 系统性硬化症肾损害
  renal damage in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura血栓性血小板减少紫癜的肾损害
  renal disease in waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia 华氏巨球蛋白血症肾脏病
  renal edema 肾性水肿
  renal endocrine function 肾脏的内分泌功能
  renal erythropoietic factor 肾性红细胞生成因子renal failure 肾功能衰竭
  renal failure casts 肾衰管型
  renal failure index 肾衰指数
  renal failure stage 肾功能衰竭期
  renal glycosuria 肾性糖尿
  renal hydatid disease 肾包虫病
  renal hypertension 肾性高血压
  renal infarction 肾梗塞
  renal infection 肾脏感染
  renal insufficiency 肾功能不全
  renal medullary cystic disease 肾髓质囊性病
  renal medullary necrosis 肾髓质坏死
  renal osteodystrophy 肾性骨营养不良
  renal osteomalacia 肾性骨软化
  renal papillary necrosis 肾乳头坏死
  renal rickets 肾性佝偻病
  renal scan 肾扫描
  renal transplantation 肾移植
  renal trichomoniasis 肾滴虫病
  renal tuberculosis 肾结核
  renal tubular acidosis 肾小管酸中毒
  renal tubular disorders 肾小管疾病
  renal ultrasonography 肾脏超声检查
  renal vascular disease 肾血管病
  renal venous thrombosis 肾静脉血栓形成
  renin 肾素
  renin-angiotension-aldosteron system 肾素-血管紧张素-醛固酮系统
  renin-dependent hypertension 肾素依赖性高血压
  renomegaly 肾肿大
  renovascular bruit 肾血管杂音
  retrograde pyelography 逆行肾盂造影

S


  salt losing nephritis 失盐性肾炎
  secondary glomerulopathy 继发性肾小球疾病
  selective proteinuria 选择性蛋白尿
  septic interstitial nephritis 败血性间质性肾炎
  shunt nephritis 分流性肾炎
  sjogren’s syndrome 干燥综合征
  sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide(SDS) gel electro-phoresis 十二烷基硫酸钠-聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳
  solitary kidney 孤立肾
  spheroplasts 球浆体
  spike-like projection 钉突样改变
  Sternheimer-Mabin cell 闪光细胞
  storm glomerulonephritis 急剧性肾炎
  subacute glomerulonephritis 亚急性肾小球肾炎
  symptomatic abacteriuria 症状性无菌尿
  solitary renal cyst 孤立性肾囊肿

T


  Tamm-Horsfall protein T-H蛋白(糖蛋白)
  the nephritis of Schonlein-Henoch purpura 过敏性紫癜肾炎
  the nephritis of systemic lupus erythematosus 红斑狼疮性肾炎
  tissue protein 组织蛋白
  toxic nephropathy due to anticonvulsants 抗惊厥药中毒性肾病
  toxic nephropathy due to heavy metals 重金属中毒性肾病
  tridione nephropathy 三甲双酮肾病
  tubular acidosis in liver disease 肝病性肾小管酸中毒
  tubular-interstial diseases 肾小管-间质性疾病
  tubular proteinuria 肾小管性蛋白尿

U


  upper urinary tract infection 上尿路感染
  urea clearance test 尿素清除试验
  uremia 尿毒症
  uremic colitis 尿毒症性结肠炎
  uremic encephalopathy 尿毒症性脑病
  uremic myocardiopathy 尿毒症性心肌病
  uremic pericarditis 尿毒症性心包炎
  uremic peripheral neuropathy 尿毒症性周围神经病变
  uremic pneumonia 尿毒症性肺炎
  urgency of micturation 尿急
  urinary moniliasis 尿路念珠菌病
  urinary tract infection 尿路感染
  urinary tract irritation 尿路刺激
  urethral syndrome 尿道综合征

V


  vesico-ureteric reflux 膀胱-输尿管返流
  vitamin D deficient rickets 维生素D缺乏性佝偻病
  vitamin D-dependent or pseudo vitamin D-deficientrickets 维生素D依赖性(假性维生素D缺乏性)佝偻病
  vitamin D resistant rickets 抗维生素D佝偻病
  volume dependent hypertension 容量依赖性高血压

W


  waxy casts 腊样管型
  Wegener’s granumatosis Wegener 肉芽肿
  white blood cell casts 白细胞管型